Innovations in 35mm SLR Camera Design: 1980 to 2000

In 1980, the Nikon F3 was the aboriginal 35mm SLR with a viewfinder aqueous clear agenda abstracts affectation (LCD). This showed little added than bang acceleration information, but it started a architecture trend that around all SLRs adopted in some form.

German aggregation Rolleiflex was the aboriginal of several companies (including Yashica’s Samurai, and Ricoh’s Mirai after in the 1980s) that attempted – and bootless – to acquaint an addition camera appearance with their now abandoned SL 2000 F. Let’s just say it didn’t prove popular. In the aforementioned year (1981), Pentax marketed the ME F: a heavily adapted ME Super that was the aboriginal 35mm SLR with congenital auto-focus. This acclimated a acquiescent adverse apprehension system, which formed poorly, and was a bartering flop.

Sigma was added successful, and produced a 21-35mm f/3.5-4 zoom lens: the aboriginal super-wide bend zoom lens for SLRs. I’m not traveling attack to abode the technicalities, added than to say that computer-aided architecture fabricated accessible something ahead anticipation to be impossible.

On to 1982, and Ricoh’s XR-S was the aboriginal solar-powered SLR. It was addition bootless idea.

1983 proved to be a bigger year. The Pentax Super A was the aboriginal SLR with alien LCD abstracts display.

One of several leaps avant-garde came in the appearance of two new, and awful adult metering systems. Nikon’s FA was the aboriginal camera with multi-segmented metering (also apperceive as cast metering), which acclimated an on-board chip to assay ablaze levels in 5 altered segments of the acreage of view, and actuate the best accommodation exposure. For the time, it was so avant-garde the affairs accessible didn’t yield to the camera; they neither accepted how it worked, not trusted its accuracy, but Cast meters became accepted in 35 mm SLRs by 1990, and agenda cameras that followed – area this arrangement is added frequently accepted as evaluative metering.

At the added end of the metering spectrum, Olympus produced the OM-4: the aboriginal camera with congenital assorted spot-meter, which could admeasurement eight alone spots and boilerplate them for absolute acknowledgment in difficult lighting situations.

Still in 1983, Minolta scored the better hit if they launched the Alpha 7000, which became the aboriginal commercially acknowledged auto-focus 35 mm SLR, and additionally alien absolutely automatic blur administration (auto-load, wind, rewind and blur acceleration setting). This camera was revolutionary, and its auto-focus innovations assuredly afflicted 35mm SLR design. Added manufacturers were either affected to get on-board with auto-focus, or abjure from the 35mm SLR amphitheatre (e.g. Mamiya, Fujica, Chinon). The Alpha 7000 started Minolta on the aisle to become (briefly) the amount one camera manufacturer. However, as is generally the way, afore too continued Minolta suffered a changeabout of fortunes, were affected to absorb with Konica, and assuredly chock-full authoritative cameras in 2006.

The next addition came in 1987, if Pentax brought us the SFX, which was the aboriginal changeable lens SLR with a congenital cyberbanking beam accompanying with through-the-lens (TTL) auto-exposure. In a abbreviate amplitude of time, congenital TTL auto-flashes became accepted on all but the a lot of big-ticket 35 mm SLR cameras.

Meanwhile Canon gave us the EOS 650 and 620, which acclimated a new EF arise lens mount. This was the aboriginal all-electronic acquaintance camera lens mount. Previously, camera-to-lens linkages had been mainly mechanical, but auto-focus appropriate abstracts barter amid camera and lens, and so the lens arise finer became a computer abstracts port.

The next year (1988) Minolta‘s Maxxum 7000i featured the aboriginal multi-sensor auto-focus SLR. While aboriginal bearing auto-focus SLRs had a individual axial focus sensor, the Maxxum 7000i acclimated an H arrangement arrangement of sensors to cope with absorption on off-centre subjects. This set the trend of growing numbers of auto-focus sensors.

By the end of the 1980s, a lot of commercially acknowledged cameras bristled with technology, and did all the cerebration for the photographer. Point and shoot photography had become the adjustment of the day.

Come 1991, it was ironically the aggregation who had accustomed bearing to the popularisation of blur photography that began its demise. Kodak Digital Camera Systems heavily adapted a Nikon F3 to aftermath the aboriginal agenda SLR camera. It was ridiculously big-ticket (and abominably large), but it apparent the alpha of the next bearing of cameras, and the move abroad from blur photography.

1992 witnessed one radically new (as in different) 35mm SLR camera. The Nikonon RS was the aboriginal waterproof 35 mm SLR fabricated for use in underwater diving. It had auto-focus, auto-exposure, TTL auto-flash, changeable lenses and acceptable accessories; all the appearance we had appear to apprehend in a camera. But the Nikonos RS wasn’t about to change the face of blur photography. The era was over, and added manufacturers either went to the bank (e.g. Yashica and Ricoh), or acquired to attempt in the agenda market.